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What should I do if my baby has abdominal pain and diarrhea?

stomach ache

Abdominal pain is one of the most common symptoms in infants and young children, and the cause of abdominal pain is very complicated. There are certain differences in the causes of abdominal pain in children of different ages. In the neonatal period, intestinal obstruction and meconium can be seen due to congenital digestive tract malformations. Peritoneitis; Intestinal inflammation and intussusception are more common in infants; parasites, enteritis, appendicitis, and ulcer disease are more common in early childhood.

Experts tell you:

In children with abdominal pain, many accompanied by crying, irritability, expression pain, when the paroxysmal increase, the children cry loudly, restless, or rolling in the bed, abdomen or hot compress after abdominal pain to reduce or ease, May be intestinal tube, bile duct and other tubular organs fistula; intestinal obstruction or urinary stones are mostly paroxysmal abdominal pain; and extremely irregular seizures, mostly medical diseases, such as intestinal worm disease, acute enteritis, etc.; persistent abdominal pain, changes Aggravated posture, abdominal pain refused by, often limited or diffuse peritonitis performance. Onset is fever, suggesting an inflammatory disease; if the patient does not have fever at the beginning of the disease and only later becomes hyperemic, it is mostly secondary infection.

Tips: Emergency Medical Guide

1. Severe abdominal pain, can not be relieved temporarily.

2. Abdominal pain is accompanied by fever.

3. Jam-like stool, tar-like stool, or bright red bloody stool after abdominal pain in infants.

4. Abdominal muscle tension, rebound tenderness, or palpable bump in the abdomen when the baby has abdominal pain.

diarrhea

Acute gastroenteritis is a global public health problem. The incidence of children is second only to respiratory infections and ranks second. In developing countries, infants under 5 years of age are particularly prominent, with 3-5 billion cases occurring worldwide every year. Among the cases, 5 to 10 million died.

Experts tell you:

Baby acute gastroenteritis is a common gastrointestinal disease. Infants and young children have poor gastrointestinal function and low resistance to external infections.

If acute gastroenteritis is caused by mild diarrhea, the general condition is good, stool is less than 10 times a day, yellow or yellow-green, a small amount of mucus or white soap bar, fecal material is not much, sometimes the stool was “egg flower soup.” Acute gastroenteritis can also cause heavier diarrhea, with stools several to dozens of times a day. A lot of watery stools, a small amount of mucus, nausea and vomiting, low appetite, and sometimes vomiting out of coffee-like substances. If there is hypokalemia, there may be bloating, there are symptoms of systemic poisoning; if not regular low fever or high fever, restlessness and then lack of energy, consciousness, or even coma.

Tips: Emergency Medical Guide

1. One day diarrhea or vomiting more than 5 times.

2. The amount of urine is greatly reduced, and the color is deepened.

3. Lips are dry, skin elasticity is poor, tears do not occur when crying.

4. It’s not like playing as usual, but the mental energy is much worse.

cough

According to statistics, between 70% and 80% of children who visit a doctor every day are chief complaints due to fever or cough. For baby coughs, various treatments are often not effective. About 12% of babies will cause complications, and 24% of babies need to return.

Experts tell you:

1. If you have a severe cough, if you have a doctor’s medicine, it is necessary to eat some. All cough medicines contain nothing but two components: One is an expectorant so that it is easy to excrete; the other is an antitussive, which is used to anesthetize the tracheal mucous membranes and suppress the cough. Calm down.

2. Asthma occurs when dyspnea occurs and every time you breath out. The most important thing at this time is to ease breathing difficulties. Allows children to take a flexion seat, beat back, so that most can ease. If there is a doctor’s medicine, the child should be taken immediately, and severe cases should go to the hospital immediately.

3. If the cough produces an “empty, empty” sound, like a dog’s cry, indicating that there is laryngitis, serious breathing difficulties may occur, should go to the hospital for treatment.

4. When you have a severe cough, you must suspect that it is pneumonia. Even if you do not have a fever, it is best to go to the hospital for treatment.

Tips: Emergency Medical Guide

1. Sudden cough is very serious. If breathing is difficult, there may be foreign matter blocking the trachea.

2. If coughing is accompanied by fever, poor face, and respiratory distress, it may be pneumonia or bronchitis.

High fever

According to the statistics of doctors, high fever accounts for about 80% of the baby’s midnight emergency. The most common cause of fever is a cold. In fact, as long as you have the right nursing methods, it is not a problem to let your baby have fever in the short term.

Experts tell you:

1. Your baby has a fever for the first time, usually a baby rash. No other symptoms, sudden fever, may be high fever (according to constitution, some babies are prone to high fever, some babies are not easy), generally burn two or three days, burn out or rash. There is no cure for fever caused by acute rash, and do not use antibiotics. Just take care at home.

2. Fever is the embodiment of the body’s self-protection mechanism. It is a good thing. Some mothers fear that their baby will burn their brains. Actually, there is no scientific basis for this. Most viruses and bacteria need temperatures above 39°C to kill, so don’t rush to take antipyretics.

3. If the baby’s temperature is close to 40 °C, in order to prevent your baby from convulsions, it is necessary to eat antipyretics.

4. Fever to the hospital usually requires first blood tests. If the white blood cell is high or the C-reactive protein is high, it indicates that there is a bacterial infection; if the white blood cell is normal or low, the neutrophils are out of range and it is a virus infection. Antibiotics are required for bacterial infections and viral infections are not required.

Tips: Emergency Medical Guide

After physical cooling at temperatures above 1.39.5°C, body temperature does not decrease.

2. The baby is less than 2 months old and has a fever of 38°C or more.

3. Unconscious.

4. There is convulsions.

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