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The first aid method of heart disease

Heart attack is often in public places, there are no medical staff, and many people do not know what to do. Time for heart attack is very precious, and it is very important how to perform effective first aid. If you have a heart attack on your side, it is better to know about some of the first aid for heart disease. At the time of the crisis, it is necessary to respond in time to treatment and perhaps it will save a life. Here are some specific steps for a heart attack emergency.

Heart disease is congenital and acquired

The incidence of heart disease has risen in the last 20 years, which is related to many factors, such as high-salt and high-fat diets, lack of exercise, obesity, and mental factors. These factors have caused a gradual increase in the incidence of heart disease, especially the incidence of coronary heart disease has increased significantly.

The general classification of heart disease is relatively simple. One is congenital and the other is acquired. Congenital is a congenital heart disease. It refers to the abnormal anatomy caused by obstacles in the formation of the heart and large blood vessels during the human embryonic development, or the heart that cannot be closed after the birth. The congenital part is only a part, and more is acquired. Acquired include several major categories, the most common is coronary heart disease is mainly based on coronary artery disease; followed by valvular disease, such as rheumatic heart disease, degenerative heart disease in the elderly; and myocardial disease, its classification is more extensive There are other heart problems caused by thyroid hyperthyroidism, high blood pressure and other factors.

Weary and flustered, wary of heart disease, early treatment to avoid accidents

The symptoms of heart disease are extensive. Regardless of the type of heart disease, most of the symptoms of acquired heart disease are insignificant except for congenital heart disease. Common symptoms are: fatigue, activity feel shortness of breath; palpitation and palpitations; chest tightness, chest pain, common symptoms of coronary heart disease; heart failure caused by heart failure, resulting in lower extremity edema, abdominal distension, loss of appetite; coughing, sleeping until midnight felt belching. In general, the symptoms of heart disease are varied, and some are based on other manifestations such as cough and edema. Coughing many people thinks that respiratory problems, but it is also a manifestation of heart health.

Although most of the heart attacks have no signs, some heart attacks still have some symptoms. For example, coronary heart disease has chest tightness and chest pain some time before the onset of the disease. Many people do not pay much attention to it. In addition, there are cold sweats, black eyes, and dizziness before the onset. As long as you are diagnosed with a heart attack, you should immediately see the above symptoms. Many people who do not have the diagnosis will ignore these symptoms. Through publicity, more people will know that these symptoms are related to the heart. To seek treatment as soon as possible, you can avoid accidents.

Four types of people are at high risk of heart disease

There are four risk factors for heart disease: smoking, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. These individuals have a greater risk of heart disease. Those who are more broad may include obesity, low exercise, and high mental stress.

Heart disease check is not complicated

Cardiac examination is not very complicated, such as arrhythmia to be a simple electrocardiogram can be diagnosed; congenital heart disease, valvular disease can be diagnosed basically by cardiac ultrasound; for coronary heart disease can be exercise ECG, cardiac radionuclide scan, CT examination, blood vessels Imaging, coronary angiography, etc. can all be diagnosed. There are even some cardiologists who can check through physical examinations. If auscultation can detect murmurs, so some routine examinations can diagnose heart disease.

Heart disease people go out to do it

Travelling with heart disease patients must first take measures and go out for exercise. Pay attention to rest and avoid fatigue. Because heart function is limited, fatigue may aggravate or induce heart disease. Second, do not go to remote places and places away from urban hospitals. It is difficult to get timely treatment; in the end, it is necessary to bring medicine and disease diagnosis information with you, because some patients become unconscious at the time of onset. If this time the body carries these data, it will be convenient for us to understand the history of the past and it will be of great help to the treatment.

People around to have a heart attack to make a judgment before doing cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Heart attack is often in public places, there are no medical staff, and many people do not know what to do. First of all to judge, to determine whether the patient has a heartbeat, you can touch the big artery fluctuations, usually touch the carotid artery, 3 cm in the side of the throat, can feel the fluctuations indicate a heartbeat. If there is no heartbeat, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be carried out. First, chest compressions must be performed, then the airway must be opened, and finally artificial respiration.

Prepare beforehand: Before the cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the patient should be restored to supine position. When recovering, care should be taken to protect the injured spine. First put the patient’s legs in a supine position, then use one hand to hold the neck of the patient, and the other hand to flip the patient’s trunk.

Chest compression: The first-aid person’s arms are located in the lower 1/3 of the patient’s sternum, the double elbow joints are straightened, and the upper body weight is used to press down vertically, and the intermediate-body weight adults should have a depth of more than 5 cm, and then quickly relax and relieve the pressure. Allow the chest to reset itself. Repeatedly rhythmically, the pressing time is approximately equal to the relaxation time, and the frequency is no less than 100 times per minute.

Open Airway: Clean up the first aid person placing one hand on the patient’s forehead and tilting his head back, and lift the back neck with another hand or lift the lower jaw to keep the airway open. For those suspected of having a neck injury, only the lower jaw can be lifted and the head can not be thrown back; if there is a suspected airway foreign body, the patient should be surrounded by the back of the patient’s upper abdomen with force and squeezing.

Artificial Respiratory Breathing: With the patient’s head raised, the rescuer closes the nostril (or lip) with a hand, then takes a deep breath and quickly blows into the patient’s mouth (or nose), then relaxes the nostrils. (or lips), repeat this every 5 seconds until spontaneous breathing resumes. Each inspiratory interval of 1.5 seconds, during this time the rescuer should take a deep breath in order to continue mouth-to-mouth breathing until the medical staff arrived.

When there is only one first-aid person performing CPR on the patient, it should be done with 30 chest cardiac presses every time, alternating with 2 artificial respirations.

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